Using Penetration Testing In A Vulnerability Management Process

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Penetration testing is critical to any comprehensive vulnerability management plan, but it’s often misunderstood and underutilized.

This post will explain penetration testing, why it’s essential, how to use it as part of your vulnerability assessment process, and better understand the role penetration testing plays in safeguarding your business.

Vulnerability management process

Vulnerability management is an ongoing process throughout the lifecycle of security solutions. This cycle has five essential steps to remember if you want your organization to be safe from cyber threats.

Here are the main steps in this process

Identifying security vulnerabilities

Vulnerability assessment is a process of identifying and ranking vulnerabilities in an organization’s IT infrastructure. Penetration testing process and vulnerability scans play a significant part in this process.

It’s often done as part of penetration testing exercises by security teams, who use it to identify potential points for an attack on their systems or those belonging to other companies they may be working with professionals.

The role CVSS plays here becomes more prominent at stage two; however, what takes center stage now are these reported findings from automated tools used locally within your company.

Specifically, ones powered through manual input via humans feeding data into them so that everything can have good rankings assigned according to the criticality or severity of the identified vulnerabilities.

Importance of a penetration test

In most cases, security teams perform penetration testing and exercise internally, who will manually feed information into vulnerability scanner tools, and score different vulnerabilities based on predetermined criteria.

Usually, all vulnerabilities are assigned a CVSS Base Score, a numerical representation of how dangerous a vulnerability can be if exploited by an attacker.

It’s a valuable tool when assessing the criticality of a hole in your system. It is generally considered when determining how much impact it will have on the business.

Evaluating vulnerabilities

CVSS is a free and open standard used to communicate the severity of vulnerabilities. It provides an organization with resources for prioritizing their needs, so they can focus more effectively on those risks with the highest degrees or likelihoods of causing harm (0-10).

In addition, this evaluation informs your risk management strategy: it helps you make intelligent decisions about how best to handle threats while keeping yourself informed as new ones arise.

This is where cybersecurity professionals come in to give you the context that innovative vulnerability assessment tools only sometimes provide. They’ll help identify additional factors, such as your risk exposure and what makes it unique, which can better inform you how best to protect yourself from cyber threats.

Remediating vulnerabilities

This is a crucial step in the process, focusing on treating and mitigating any vulnerabilities. Several strategies are put into place to prioritize which will receive your attention based on their risk level. This way, no vulnerability gets overlooked.

Vulnerabilities are inevitable, but software designers and developers are responsible for ensuring that you’re keeping up with the latest fixes. The last thing any company needs is a cybersecurity breach due partly to unpatched vulnerabilities on their devices.

Patching will always be needed; however, there might come instances when no patch has been released yet. This leaves two options: mitigation measures such as limiting user permissions or blacklists (depending on how severe they are) for those activities where necessary.

Risk management is integral to vulnerability handling because it helps determine the level at which risks can be mitigated.

This strategy should involve taking no action with discovered vulnerabilities if they pose minimal threats to your business, but more so for low-risk varieties that have substantial benefits over their exploitations costs.

Even then, organizations still strive to optimize reported metrics by resetting these baselines every time new targets become available or revisiting previous ones after periods without change (to see if there has been any progression).

Verify vulnerabilities

It is crucial to ensure that the threats in your system have been eliminated through follow-up audits. Penetration testing tools can also verify the efficacy of remediation measures, ensuring new vulnerabilities weren’t inadvertently created during the process.

Report vulnerabilities

Vulnerabilities can be a massive problem for businesses, especially when they go unnoticed. To ensure compliance standards are met and security improved upon in time, it’s essential to document what has been found and how you plan on fixing these issues.

These reports will leave records that help improve future responses from management or auditors who want proof of the progress made towards safer practices while still maintaining accountability by generating auto-generated documents yourself rather than doing them manually.

The difference between a vulnerability scanning and a penetration test

A penetration test is a real-world simulation of an attack against your computer systems in which a malicious actor attempts to exploit vulnerabilities to gain access to your data or systems. A vulnerability scan is a tool that scans your systems for known vulnerabilities to help you determine which ones pose the most significant risk to your organization.

Penetration testing – vulnerability management

Vulnerability assessments or scans are automated and continuous checks that identify vulnerabilities in servers and computer network applications. This is done by matching different systems against known threats to help ensure your most critical assets stay protected from outside interference.

The most common finding during such an audit will be outdated software which you can easily update yourself if needed. Still, it may only sometimes be aware of other less apparent risks like weak passwords, etcetera.

Enterprises are responsible for keeping their critical systems and data safe from harm, whether through malicious software or someone hacking into their plans for personal gain.

Vulnerability assessment

That’s where vulnerability assessment and penetration testing comes in, and it can help identify and fix these risks before they cause any trouble. It’ll also make sure you stay compliant with any industry regulations that are in place, as well as protect your brand image and reputation.

The vulnerability assessment report is one of the most critical aspects of cybersecurity today, and it’s essential to take it seriously. If you still need to understand what all this means or if it applies to you, I’d recommend talking to an expert in the field who can help you understand and implement it correctly.

Penetration testers are often hired as consultants to provide more objective management of an environment. They use various tools, including finding and pen-testing vulnerabilities, which can be very important in determining potential risks within your network or system.

The first step is usually performing what’s called “vulnerability scanning.” This involves looking at how strong each point on the perimeter is by checking out if any noticeable gaps could let something flow through them undetected.

How to incorporate penetration testing within vulnerability assessment?

Managing vulnerabilities is crucial to maintain cyber hygiene. A good way of doing this, and an essential part of the process, should start with identifying assets on your network (and what services they offer) and classifying them according to their level of riskiness, which can change based on time or location.

Prioritizing those higher risks first, so you only have a few low-level flaws consuming resources while not finding anything else worth looking at; lastly, remediation: patching & updating software were necessary after assessing all potential points vulnerable.

Vulnerability scanning is a critical component of enterprise-wide security. It allows organizations to identify vulnerabilities on all types and devices within their network, from firewalls & routers to servers, apps, etc., so they can be patched faster than hackers can.

This is a great way to find vulnerabilities in your network. Don’t just scan one system; do it all at once or segment depending on how much data you have.

The third-party plugins that come with this software will enhance what would be found by simply checking if there is any malicious activity going down online, like trying logins from strange locations (i think its called “spear phishing”)

But also provides more detailed information about each asset scanned, including missing patches/protocols, making them perfect tools for security administrators looking outwards and inwards.


So, what is penetration testing? Simply put, it’s the practice of attacking your computer networks and systems to find vulnerabilities. A vulnerability is a weakness that an attacker can exploit to gain access to your data or system.

By discovering and addressing these weaknesses before someone else does, you can protect your organization from costly breaches and data loss. Penetration testing isn’t just for large businesses with complex IT infrastructures; companies can use it as part of their overall vulnerability assessment process.

Check out our website to learn more about how penetration testing can help your business stay safe online. There, you will find information on our penetration testing services and tips on creating a strong security posture for your organization.

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